Human Genetics

, 126:533

In vivo and in vitro splicing assay of SLC12A1 in an antenatal salt-losing tubulopathy patient with an intronic mutation

  • Kandai Nozu
  • Kazumoto Iijima
  • Kazuo Kawai
  • Yoshimi Nozu
  • Atsushi Nishida
  • Yasuhiro Takeshima
  • Xue Jun Fu
  • Yuya Hashimura
  • Hiroshi Kaito
  • Koichi Nakanishi
  • Norishige Yoshikawa
  • Masafumi Matsuo
Original Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00439-009-0697-7

Cite this article as:
Nozu, K., Iijima, K., Kawai, K. et al. Hum Genet (2009) 126: 533. doi:10.1007/s00439-009-0697-7

Abstract

Type I Bartter syndrome (BS), an inherited salt-losing tubulopathy, is caused by mutations of the SLC12A1 gene. While several intronic nucleotide changes in this gene have been detected, transcriptional analysis had not been conducted because mRNA analysis is possible only when renal biopsy specimens can be obtained or occasionally when mRNA is expressed in the leukocytes. This report concerns a type I BS patient due to compound heterozygosity for the SLC12A1 gene. Genomic DNA sequencing disclosed the presence of two novel heterozygous mutations of c.724 + 4A > G in intron 5 and c.2095delG in intron 16, but it remains to be determined whether the former would be likely to influence the transcription. In this report, we conducted both in vivo assay of RT-PCR analysis using RNA extracted from the proband’s urinary sediments and in vitro functional splicing study by minigene construction, and obtained evidence that this intronic mutation leads to complete exon 5 skipping. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to use non-invasive methods for both an in vivo assay and an in vitro functional splicing assay of inherited kidney disease. These analytical assays could be adapted for all inherited kidney diseases.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kandai Nozu
    • 1
  • Kazumoto Iijima
    • 1
  • Kazuo Kawai
    • 2
  • Yoshimi Nozu
    • 1
  • Atsushi Nishida
    • 1
  • Yasuhiro Takeshima
    • 1
  • Xue Jun Fu
    • 1
  • Yuya Hashimura
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Kaito
    • 1
  • Koichi Nakanishi
    • 3
  • Norishige Yoshikawa
    • 3
  • Masafumi Matsuo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsKobe University Graduate School of MedicineKobeJapan
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsMatsusaka City HospitalMieJapan
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsWakayama Medical UniversityWakayamaJapan