Human Genetics

, Volume 118, Issue 5, pp 591–604

Contrasting patterns of Y-chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions

  • Miroslava Derenko
  • Boris Malyarchuk
  • Galina A. Denisova
  • Marcin Wozniak
  • Irina Dambueva
  • Choduraa Dorzhu
  • Faina Luzina
  • Danuta Miścicka-Śliwka
  • Ilia Zakharov
Original Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00439-005-0076-y

Cite this article as:
Derenko, M., Malyarchuk, B., Denisova, G.A. et al. Hum Genet (2006) 118: 591. doi:10.1007/s00439-005-0076-y

Abstract

In order to investigate the genetic history of autochthonous South Siberian populations and to estimate the contribution of distinct patrilineages to their gene pools, we have analyzed 17 Y-chromosomal binary markers (YAP, RPS4Y711, SRY-8299, M89, M201, M52, M170, 12f2, M9, M20, 92R7, SRY-1532, DYS199, M173, M17, Tat, and LLY22 g) in a total sample of 1,358 males from 14 ethnic groups of Siberia (Altaians-Kizhi, Teleuts, Shors, Tuvinians, Todjins, Tofalars, Sojots, Khakassians, Buryats, Evenks), Central/Eastern Asia (Mongolians and Koreans) and Eastern Europe (Kalmyks and Russians). Based on both, the distribution pattern of Y-chromosomal haplogroups and results on AMOVA analysis we observed the statistically significant genetic differentiation between the populations of Baikal and Altai–Sayan regions. We suggest that these regional differences can be best explained by different contribution of Central/Eastern Asian and Eastern European paternal lineages into gene pools of modern South Siberians. The population of the Baikal region demonstrates the prevalence of Central/Eastern Asian lineages, whereas in the populations of Altai and Sayan regions the highest paternal contribution resulted from Eastern European descent is revealed. Yet, our data on Y-chromosome STRs variation demonstrate the clear differences between the South Siberian and Eastern European R1a1-lineages with the evolutionary ages compatible with divergence time between these two regional groups.

Keywords

Y-chromosome haplogroupsSTRSouth SiberiaCentral/Eastern AsiaEastern EuropeR1a1-lineages

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miroslava Derenko
    • 1
  • Boris Malyarchuk
    • 1
  • Galina A. Denisova
    • 1
  • Marcin Wozniak
    • 2
  • Irina Dambueva
    • 3
  • Choduraa Dorzhu
    • 4
  • Faina Luzina
    • 5
  • Danuta Miścicka-Śliwka
    • 2
  • Ilia Zakharov
    • 6
  1. 1.Genetics Laboratory, Institute of Biological Problems of the NorthRussian Academy of SciencesMagadanRussia
  2. 2.Forensic Medicine Institute, Ludwik Rydygier Medical College Nicolaus Copernicus University in TorunBydgoszczPoland
  3. 3.Institute of General and Experimental BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesUlan-UdeRussia
  4. 4.Tuva State UniversityKyzylRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Professional Diseases and Hygiene ProblemsRussian Academy of Medical SciencesNovokuznetskRussia
  6. 6.Animal Comparative Genetics Laboratory, Vavilov Institute of General GeneticsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia