A reduction in RNA polymerase II initiation rate suppresses hyper-recombination and transcription-elongation impairment of THO mutants
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- Jimeno, S., García-Rubio, M., Luna, R. et al. Mol Genet Genomics (2008) 280: 327. doi:10.1007/s00438-008-0368-8
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Hrs1/Med3, a component of the Mediator involved in transcription initiation, was previously isolated as a suppressor of hpr1Δ hyper-recombination linked to transcription elongation. Here we show that hrs1Δ-mediated suppression is specific of transcription-associated hyper-recombination (TAR). The decrease in recombination associated with hrs1Δ, either in wild-type or hpr1Δ cells is only observed in DNA repeats constructs in which transcription is Hrs1-dependent. We propose that the suppression of THO mutants by hrs1Δ is due to the specific effect of hrs1Δ on transcription initiation of the recombination system. In parallel we show that the higher the transcription of a gene the more important becomes the THO complex for its expression, implying that the in vivo relevance of this complex is dependent on the frequency of RNAPII transcription initiation. This study furthers the understanding of the importance of THO in transcription and the maintenance of genome stability.