Different physiological relevance of yeast THO/TREX subunits in gene expression and genome integrity
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- García-Rubio, M., Chávez, S., Huertas, P. et al. Mol Genet Genomics (2008) 279: 123. doi:10.1007/s00438-007-0301-6
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THO/TREX is a conserved nuclear complex that functions in mRNP biogenesis and plays a role in preventing the transcription-associated genetic instability. THO is composed of Tho2, Hpr1, Mft1 and Thp2 subunits, which associate with the Sub2-Yra1 export factors and Tex1 to form the TREX complex. To compare the functional relevance of the different THO/TREX subunits, we determined the effect of their null mutations on mRNA accumulation and recombination. Unexpectedly, we noticed that a full deletion of HPR1, hpr1ΔK, conferred stronger hyper-recombination phenotype and gene expression defects than did hpr1ΔH, the allele encoding a C-terminal truncated protein which was used in most previous studies. We show that tho2Δ and, to a lesser extent, hpr1ΔK are the THO mutations with the highest impact on all phenotypes, and that sub2Δ shows a similar transcription-dependent hyper-recombination phenotype and in vivo transcription impairment as hpr1ΔK and tho2Δ. Recombination and transcription analyses indicate that THO/TREX mutants share a moderate but significant effect on gene conversion and ectopic recombination, as well as transcription impairment of even short and low GC-content genes. Our data provide new information on the relevance of these proteins in mRNP biogenesis and in the maintenance of genomic integrity.