Retrotransposon-based molecular markers for linkage and genetic diversity analysis in wheat
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- Queen, R.A., Gribbon, B.M., James, C. et al. Mol Genet Genomics (2004) 271: 91. doi:10.1007/s00438-003-0960-x
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Retrotransposon-based molecular markers have been developed to study bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum) and its wild relatives. SSAP (Sequence-Specific Amplification Polymorphism) markers based on the BARE-1/ Wis-2-1A retrotransposons were assigned to T. aestivum chromosomes by scoring nullisomic-tetrasomic chromosome substitution lines. The markers are distributed among all wheat chromosomes, with the lowest proportion being assigned the D wheat genome. SSAP markers for BARE-1/ Wis-2-1A and three other wheat retrotransposons, Thv19 , Tagermina and Tar1, are broadly distributed on a wheat linkage map. Polymorphism levels associated with these four retrotransposons vary, with BARE-1/ Wis-2-1A and Thv19 both showing approximately 13% of bands polymorphic in a mapping population, Tagermina showing approximately 17% SSAP band polymorphism and Tar1 roughly 18%. This suggests that Tagermina and Tar1 have been more transpositionally active in the recent evolutionary past, and are potentially the more useful source of molecular markers in wheat. Lastly, BARE-1 / Wis-2-1A markers have also been used to characterise the genetic diversity among a set of 35 diploid and tetraploid wheat species including 26 Aegilops and 9 Triticum accessions. The SSAP-based diversity tree for Aegilops species agrees well with current classifications, though the Triticum tree shows several significant differences, which may be associated with polyploidy in this genus.