Original Paper

Molecular Genetics and Genomics

, Volume 270, Issue 1, pp 34-45

First online:

A large scale analysis of resistance gene homologues in Arachis

  • D. J. BertioliAffiliated withUniversidade Católica de Brasília Email author 
  • , S. C. M. Leal-BertioliAffiliated withEMBRAPA Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia
  • , M. B. LionAffiliated withEMBRAPA Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia
  • , V. L. SantosAffiliated withUniversidade Católica de Brasília
  • , G. PappasJrAffiliated withUniversidade Católica de Brasília
  • , S. B. CannonAffiliated withPlant Biology Department, University of Minnesota
  • , P. M. GuimarãesAffiliated withEMBRAPA Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia

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Arachis hypogaea L., commonly known as the peanut or groundnut, is an important and widespread food legume. Because the crop has a narrow genetic base, genetic diversity in A. hypogaea is low and it lacks sources of resistance to many pests and diseases. In contrast, wild diploid Arachis species are genetically diverse and are rich sources of disease resistance genes. The majority of known plant disease resistance genes encode proteins with a nucleotide binding site domain (NBS). In this study, degenerate PCR primers designed to bind to DNA regions encoding conserved motifs within this domain were used to amplify NBS-encoding regions from Arachis spp. The Arachis spp. used were A. hypogaea var. Tatu and wild species that are known to be sources of disease resistance: A. cardenasii, A. duranensis , A. stenosperma and A. simpsonii. A total of 78 complete NBS-encoding regions were isolated, of which 63 had uninterrupted ORFs. Phylogenetic analysis of the Arachis NBS sequences derived in this study and other NBS sequences from Arabidopsis thaliana, Medicago trunculata , Glycine max , Lotus japonicus and Phaseolus vulgaris that are available in public databases This analysis indicates that most Arachis NBS sequences fall within legume-specific clades, some of which appear to have undergone extensive copy number expansions in the legumes. In addition, NBS motifs from A. thaliana and legumes were characterized. Differences in the TIR and non-TIR motifs were identified. The likely effect of these differences on the amplification of NBS-encoding sequences by PCR is discussed.


Arachis Resistance genes Nucleotide-binding site Legume Peanut