Parasitology Research

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 80–83

Fasciolopsiasis: is it a controllable food-borne disease?

  • Thaddeus K. Graczyk
  • Robert H. Gilman
  • Bernard Fried

DOI: 10.1007/s004360000299

Cite this article as:
Graczyk, T., Gilman, R. & Fried, B. Parasitol Res (2001) 87: 80. doi:10.1007/s004360000299


Fasciolopsiasis, endemic to the Orient and Southeast Asia, is a snail-transmitted, intestinal, food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by a trematode, Fasciolopsis buski, which also infects farm pigs. Fasciolopsiasis remains a public health problem despite changes in eating habits, alterations in social and agricultural practices, health education, industrialization, and environmental alterations. The disease occurs focally and is most prevalent in school-age children. In foci of parasite transmission, the prevalence of infection in children ranges from 57% in mainland China to 25% in Taiwan and from 50% in Bangladesh and 60% in India to 10% in Thailand. Control programs implemented for food-borne zoonoses are not fully successful for fasciolopsiasis because of century-old traditions of eating raw aquatic plants and using untreated water. Fasciolopsiasis is aggravated by social and economic factors such as poverty, malnutrition, an explosively growing free-food market, a lack of sufficient food inspection and sanitation, other helminthiases, and declining economic conditions.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thaddeus K. Graczyk
    • 1
  • Robert H. Gilman
    • 3
  • Bernard Fried
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA e-mail: Tel.: +1-410-6144984; Fax: +1410-9550105US
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USAUS
  3. 3.Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USAUS
  4. 4.Department of Biology, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042, USAUS