Parasitology Research

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 80–83

Fasciolopsiasis: is it a controllable food-borne disease?


  • Thaddeus K. Graczyk
    • Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA e-mail: Tel.: +1-410-6144984; Fax: +1410-9550105
  • Robert H. Gilman
    • Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
  • Bernard Fried
    • Department of Biology, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042, USA

DOI: 10.1007/s004360000299

Cite this article as:
Graczyk, T., Gilman, R. & Fried, B. Parasitol Res (2001) 87: 80. doi:10.1007/s004360000299


Fasciolopsiasis, endemic to the Orient and Southeast Asia, is a snail-transmitted, intestinal, food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by a trematode, Fasciolopsis buski, which also infects farm pigs. Fasciolopsiasis remains a public health problem despite changes in eating habits, alterations in social and agricultural practices, health education, industrialization, and environmental alterations. The disease occurs focally and is most prevalent in school-age children. In foci of parasite transmission, the prevalence of infection in children ranges from 57% in mainland China to 25% in Taiwan and from 50% in Bangladesh and 60% in India to 10% in Thailand. Control programs implemented for food-borne zoonoses are not fully successful for fasciolopsiasis because of century-old traditions of eating raw aquatic plants and using untreated water. Fasciolopsiasis is aggravated by social and economic factors such as poverty, malnutrition, an explosively growing free-food market, a lack of sufficient food inspection and sanitation, other helminthiases, and declining economic conditions.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001