Parasitology Research

, Volume 109, Issue 3, pp 715–726

Screening for feeding deterrent activity of herbal extracts against the larvae of malaria vector Anopheles subpictus Grassi

  • Gandhi Elango
  • Abdul Abdul Rahuman
  • Chinnaperumal Kamaraj
  • Asokan Bagavan
  • Abdul Abduz Zahir
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-011-2306-7

Cite this article as:
Elango, G., Rahuman, A.A., Kamaraj, C. et al. Parasitol Res (2011) 109: 715. doi:10.1007/s00436-011-2306-7

Abstract

This no-choice, laboratory study focuses on the feeding of homogeneous powdered, dried, yeast with different plant extracts on mosquito fourth-instar larvae to determine the effects on their mortality. Screening for antifeedant activity of plant extracts with some known medicinal attributes could lead to the discovery of new agents for vector control. The aim of this study was to investigate the antifeedant activity of crude leaf hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol extracts of Andrographis lineata Wallich ex Nees. (Acanthaceae), Anisomeles malabarica (L.) Sims. (Lamiaceae), Argemone mexicana L. (Papaveraceae), Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. (Aristolochiaceae), Chrysanthemum indium L. (Asteraceae), Datura metal L. (Solanaceae), Eclipta prostrata L. (Asteraceae), and Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. (Fibaceae) against the fourth-instar larvae of Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera:Culicidae). All the crude extracts showed antifeedant activity in a dose-dependent manner. The plant extracts exhibited a significant antifeedant activity after 24 and 48 h of exposure; however, the highest larval mortality was found in leaf ethyl acetate extract of A. malabarica, acetone extract E. prostrata, methanol extract of A. lineata, C. indium, and S. grandiflora after 24 h (LC50 = 2.53, 2.82, 2.31, 2.56, and 2.08 mg/mL; LC90 = 6.40, 8.06, 7.45, 6.98, and 6.20 mg/mL), respectively. The hexane extract of A. lineata, D. metal, methanol extract of A. bracteolata and E. prostrata showed larval mortality after 48 h (LC50 = 3.05, 2.11, 3.00, and 2.18 mg/mL; LC90 = 9.06, 6.22, 8.23, and 5.77 mg/mL), respectively. One hundred percent larval mortality was observed in methanol extract of A. lineata, and C. indium after 24 h and the hexane extract of A. lineata and D. metal after 48 h at 10 mg/100 mL. The methanol extracts of A. lineata and C. indium significantly increased larval mortality in comparison to larvae fed with untreated diet. Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis is widely accepted as a biological pesticide because of its highly specific activity against dipteran insects without adverse effects on other organisms. The feeding deterrent activity of different herbal extracts against the larvae of malaria vector A. subpictus exhibited significantly lower toxicity compare with the bio larvicides, B. thuringiensis. These results suggest that the methanol extract of A. lineata, C. indium, the hexane extract of A. lineata and D. metal have the potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of the medically important vector A. subpictus. These findings corroborate traditional insecticidal application of selected plants and the results can be extended for the control of mosquitoes.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gandhi Elango
    • 1
  • Abdul Abdul Rahuman
    • 1
  • Chinnaperumal Kamaraj
    • 1
  • Asokan Bagavan
    • 1
  • Abdul Abduz Zahir
    • 1
  1. 1.Unit of Nanotechnology and Bioactive Natural Products, Post Graduate and Research Department of ZoologyC. Abdul Hakeem CollegeMelvisharamIndia

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