Prime-boost and recombinant protein vaccination strategies using Sm-p80 protects against Schistosoma mansoni infection in the mouse model to levels previously attainable only by the irradiated cercarial vaccine
Advent of an effective schistosome vaccine would contribute significantly toward reducing the disease spectrum and transmission of schistosomiasis. We have targeted a functionally important antigen, Sm-p80, as a vaccine candidate because of its consistent immunogenicity, protective and antifecundity potentials, and important role in the immune evasion process. In this study, we report that using two vaccination approaches (prime boost and recombinant protein), Sm-p80-based vaccine formulation(s) confer up to 70% reduction in worm burden in mice. Animals immunized with the vaccine exhibited a decrease in egg production by up to 75%. The vaccine elicited strong immune responses that included IgM, IgA, and IgG (IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgG3) in vaccinated animals. Splenocytes proliferated in response to Sm-p80 produced Th1 and Th17 response enhancing cytokines. These results again emphasize the potential of Sm-p80 as a viable vaccine candidate for schistosomiasis.