Saline extract of Taenia saginata metacestodes as an alternative antigen for the immunodiagnosis of neurocysticercosis in human cerebrospinal fluid
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- Oliveira, H.B., Machado, G.A., Gonçalves-Pires, M..R.F. et al. Parasitol Res (2009) 105: 169. doi:10.1007/s00436-009-1379-z
The aim of the present research was to test the application of Taenia saginata metacestodes as an alternative antigen for use in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western Blotting (WB) tests compared with the use of metacestodes antigen of Taenia solium in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. The samples were obtained from 35 patients with definitive neurocysticercosis (NCC)—group 1—and 44 patients with other neurological disorders (control)—group 2. The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA, using antigen obtained from T. solium, applied to the patients of group 1 yielded results of 100%. When the tests were conducted using T. saginata metacestodes, results were 100% and 93.2%, respectively. The 47–52-, 64–68-, and 70-kDa antigens showed high frequencies in CSF samples from patients with NCC when WB was conducted with both antigens. The results indicate that T. saginata metacestodes can be used as an alternative antigen for the diagnosis of human NCC in CSF samples.