Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology

, Volume 138, Issue 9, pp 1475–1486

Randomized study on early detection of lung cancer with MSCT in Germany: study design and results of the first screening round

  • N. Becker
  • E. Motsch
  • M.-L. Gross
  • A. Eigentopf
  • C. P. Heussel
  • H. Dienemann
  • P. A. Schnabel
  • L. Pilz
  • M. Eichinger
  • D.-E. Optazaite
  • M. Puderbach
  • J. Tremper
  • S. Delorme
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00432-012-1228-9

Cite this article as:
Becker, N., Motsch, E., Gross, M. et al. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2012) 138: 1475. doi:10.1007/s00432-012-1228-9

Abstract

Purpose

Low-dose multislice-CT (MSCT) detects many early-stage lung cancers with good prognosis, but whether it decreases lung cancer mortality and at which costs is yet insufficiently explored. Scope of the present study is to examine within a common European effort whether MSCT screening is capable to reduce the lung cancer mortality by at least 20 % and at which amount of undesired side effects this could be achieved.

Methods

Overall 4,052 heavy smoking men and women were recruited by a population-based approach and randomized into a screening arm with five annual MSCT screens and an initial quit-smoking counseling, and a control arm with initial quit-smoking counseling and five annual questionnaire inquiries.

Results

In the first screening round, 2,029 participants received a MSCT providing 1,488 negative and 540 suspicious screens with early recalls (early recall rate 26.6 %) leading to 31 biopsies (biopsy rate 1.5 %) and 22 confirmed lung cancers (detection rate 1.1 %). Among the lung cancers, 15 were adenocarcinomas, 3 squamous cell carcinomas, one small-cell lung cancer, and 3 others, whereby 18 were in clinical stage I, one in stage II, and 3 in stage III. One interval cancer occurred.

Conclusions

The indicated performance indicators fit into the range observed in comparable trials. The study continues finalizing the second screening round and for the first participants even the last screening round. The unresolved issue of the precise amount of side effects and the high early recall rate precludes currently the recommendation of MSCT as screening tool for lung cancer.

Keywords

EpidemiologyLung cancer screeningLUSIMultislice-CTRCT

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Becker
    • 1
  • E. Motsch
    • 1
  • M.-L. Gross
    • 1
  • A. Eigentopf
    • 1
  • C. P. Heussel
    • 5
    • 7
  • H. Dienemann
    • 6
    • 7
  • P. A. Schnabel
    • 3
    • 7
  • L. Pilz
    • 4
  • M. Eichinger
    • 2
    • 7
  • D.-E. Optazaite
    • 2
  • M. Puderbach
    • 2
    • 5
  • J. Tremper
    • 2
  • S. Delorme
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Cancer EpidemiologyGerman Cancer Research CenterHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyGerman Cancer Research CenterHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Institute of PathologyHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  4. 4.Medical Faculty MannheimHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  5. 5.Department of Radiology, Thoraxklinik HeidelbergHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  6. 6.Department of Surgery, Thoraxklinik HeidelbergHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  7. 7.German Center for Lung ResearchHeidelbergGermany