, Volume 159, Issue 7, pp 535-538

Tuberculous meningitis in children: problem to be addressed effectively with thorough contact tracing

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Worldwide, tuberculosis is the most common cause of death from a single infectious agent in children. There has been an increase in its incidence in Europe in recent years. Early diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis in children is extremely difficult because of its nonspecific early presentation and it is universally fatal if not recognised and treated. Young children are at increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis and it is more likely to be disseminated in neonates. In summarising the cases of three children with tuberculous meningitis admitted to our centre, we highlight the importance of diagnosis and contact tracing of the source case.

Conclusion Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis requires a high index of suspicion, thorough contact tracing, and appropriate investigations with early treatment as the key to reducing morbidity and mortality.

Received: 17 July 1999 and in revised form: 10 December 1999 and 24 January 2000/Accepted: 31 January 2000