European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 171, Issue 9, pp 1415–1415

Assessment of liver stiffness with transient elastography by using S and M probes in healthy children

  • Giovanna Ferraioli
  • Raffaella Lissandrin
  • Mabel Zicchetti
  • Carlo Filice
Correspondence

DOI: 10.1007/s00431-012-1777-6

Cite this article as:
Ferraioli, G., Lissandrin, R., Zicchetti, M. et al. Eur J Pediatr (2012) 171: 1415. doi:10.1007/s00431-012-1777-6

We read with great interest the article by Engelmann et al. [2] in the February 2012 issue of EJP and would like to raise an important issue in relation to their work. In their study, the authors investigated the feasibility of transient elastography (TE) in healthy children to define normal values of liver stiffness. Examinations were performed by using two types of probes (S or M) depending on thorax circumference and according to the manufacturer recommendations. By using the appropriate probe, normal liver stiffness values were 4.40, 4.73, and 5.1 kPa, respectively, in three age groups—namely 0–5, 6–11, and 12–18 years. Eighty percent of measurements were performed with the S probe and 20 % with the M probe.

Unfortunately, the utilization of different probes (S or M) introduces a severe bias that limits the results of the study. Indeed, the values obtained with different probes are not comparable due to technical aspects, such as focal length, vibration amplitude, and depth of measurement [5]. In adults, it has been demonstrated that TE results obtained by using M and XL probes are systematically different because of the different region of interest [1, 3, 5]. Myers et al. [5] have found that, in patients who were studied with both probes, the values obtained with XL probe were 1–2 kPa lower than that obtained with the M probe. It can be inferred that similar differences could also be expected between the S and M probes, and this aspect should be taken into account and thoroughly investigated. On the other hand, in a recent study, in which the results of TE measurements obtained with an XL probe were compared to that of liver biopsy, it was found that there was an overestimation of liver fibrosis with the XL probe [4].

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanna Ferraioli
    • 1
  • Raffaella Lissandrin
    • 1
  • Mabel Zicchetti
    • 1
  • Carlo Filice
    • 1
  1. 1.Ultrasound Unit, Infectious Diseases Department, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San MatteoUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly