Maternal mumps antibodies in a cohort of children up to the age of 1 year
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- Leuridan, E., Goeyvaerts, N., Hens, N. et al. Eur J Pediatr (2012) 171: 1167. doi:10.1007/s00431-012-1691-y
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The duration of the presence of maternal mumps antibodies in a prospective cohort study is presented. Immunoglobulin G against mumps was portioned with a commercial ELISA test (Euroimmun® anti-mumps Virus AT ELISA, Germany) on samples from 213 mother–child pairs at seven time points between pregnancy and 12 months of age. Non-linear mixed models were used to model maternal antibody decay in infants. The model-based median time to loss of antibodies was 3.6 months. The median child-specific time to loss of antibodies in children of naturally immune women (3.8 months) and children of vaccinated women (2.4 months) differed significantly (p = 0.025). The log antibody level of the mother and the log birth weight were correlated with the duration of maternal antibodies in infants (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Children of vaccinated women loose maternal mumps antibodies significantly earlier in life compared to children of naturally infected women. If early administration (<12 months) of the combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is needed, maternal mumps antibodies are not expected to interfere with infant humoral vaccine responses.