Medical Microbiology and Immunology

, Volume 203, Issue 2, pp 109–114

Response profiles of cytokines and chemokines against avian H9N2 influenza virus within the mouse lung

  • Rong Huang
  • Jiyuan Liu
  • Wei Liang
  • Airong Wang
  • Zhihao Liu
  • Yan Yang
  • Jing Lv
  • Ying Bao
  • Yanxia Gao
  • Zengmin Miao
  • Tongjie Chai
Original Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00430-013-0317-y

Cite this article as:
Huang, R., Liu, J., Liang, W. et al. Med Microbiol Immunol (2014) 203: 109. doi:10.1007/s00430-013-0317-y

Abstract

The circulation of H9N2 viruses throughout the world, along with their expanded host range, poses a potential health risk to the public, but the host responses to H9N2 virus in mammals were little known. To obtain insight into the host immune responses to the avian H9N2 virus, the expressions of both cytokines and chemokines in the lungs of infected mice were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We found that interferon gamma (IFN-γ) was the dominant antiviral component, and IFN-γ-induced protein 10 kDa, interleukin 6, chemokine (C–C motif) ligand 5 and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha all played a role in pro-inflammatory responses to H9N2 viruses. In conclusion, this research can make us further understand the infection characteristics of H9N2 virus in mammalian host by providing the data on mice lung immune responses to the avian H9N2 virus.

Keywords

Avian influenza virusH9N2MiceCytokines and chemokines

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rong Huang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jiyuan Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wei Liang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Airong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhihao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yan Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jing Lv
    • 4
  • Ying Bao
    • 5
  • Yanxia Gao
    • 6
  • Zengmin Miao
    • 6
  • Tongjie Chai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Animal Science and Veterinary MedicineShandong Agricultural UniversityTai’anChina
  2. 2.Sino-German Cooperative Research Centre for Zoonosis of Animal Origin Shandong ProvinceTai’anChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention of Shandong ProvinceTai’anChina
  4. 4.Centre for Disease ControlTai’anChina
  5. 5.Tai’an City Central HospitalTai’anChina
  6. 6.College of Life SciencesTaishan Medical UniversityTai’anChina