, Volume 197, Issue 1, pp 21-27
Date: 05 Jul 2007

Fetal calf serum inhibits virus genome expression in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells persistently infected with influenza A virus

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Abstract

A cell line of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells persistently infected with human influenza A virus has been established and designated as MDCK-IVpi cells. Production of progeny virus in MDCK-IVpi cells was suppressed when the cells were incubated in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). FCS impaired virus mRNA synthesis in MDCK-IVpi cells, which resulted in a scarcity of virus proteins for virion formation. However, MDCK-IVpi cells well supported the growth of superinfecting heterologous influenza viruses, even in the presence of FCS. A certain fetuin-like substance in FCS might be responsible for the observed inhibition of virus replication.