Expression patterns of type II pneumocyte apical surface glycoconjugates in lung adenocarcinoma cells
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- Hachiya, T., Honda, T., Kubo, K. et al. Virchows Archiv (1999) 434: 63. doi:10.1007/s004280050306
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Monoclonal antibodies and lectins were used to examine the expression patterns of apical membrane oligosaccharide sequences specific to type II pneumocytes in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) and lung cancer. Atypical cells of AAH and papillary adenocarcinoma cells expressed abundant sialyl Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen: this was not observed in acinar adenocarcinoma, bronchioloalveolar carcinoma with mucin production or squamous cell carcinoma. Sialyl Tn antigens was also detected on a few cells in AAH and papillary adenocarcinomas. Asialo TF and Tn antigen were not observed on the surface of carcinoma cells of any type. Alpha(α)2,3-linked sialic acids predominated in type II pneumocyte, AAH and papillary adenocarcinoma, whereas ciliated columnar cells expressed α2,6-linked sialic acids. Lewisx and sialyl Lewisx antigens capped the TF antigen in both O- and N-linked side chains on the surface of AAH and papillary adenocarcinoma cells, but were not expressed by type II pneumocytes. The findings demonstrate that papillary adenocarcinoma cells resemble type II pneumocytes in that they express abundant sialyl TF surface antigen, but they also express TF-related antigens not found in type II pneumocytes. Apical surface glycoconjugates of AAH have structural characteristics shared by both type II pneumocytes and papillary adenocarcinoma cells.