, Volume 459, Issue 4, pp 361-366

Prognostic implication of types of tumor-associated macrophages in Hodgkin lymphoma

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Abstract

To evaluate roles of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) for prognosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Expression of markers for TAMs, CD68, HLA-DR, CD163, HLA-DR/CD68 (M1), and CD163/CD68 (M2) was immunohistochemically examined in 82 cases with CHL. Positively stained cells were counted and correlation of number of TAMs and patients’ survival time was analyzed. Number of CD163+ cells and M2 cells was significantly correlated with shorter overall survival (P < 0.05), while it was marginally significant for CD68+ cells (P = 0.0827). HLA-DR + cells and M1 cells showed no significant correlation with overall survival. When confined to mixed cellularity subtype, number of M1 cells was correlated with favorable prognosis (P < 0.05), while M2 did not (P = 0.7). Older age and male sex were unfavorable factors for prognosis. At multivariate analysis, number of CD163+ cells, M2+ cells, and age were independent factors for poor overall survival (P = 0.03, 0.02, and 0.01, respectively). CD163+ cells and M2 cells might work to be tumor promotive in CHL. M1 cells might be tumor suppressive in mixed cellularity type.

Mona A.A. Zaki and Naoki Wada equally contributed to this study.