, Volume 449, Issue 6, pp 722-725

Oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland with sebaceous differentiation. Study of its keratin profile

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Abstract

Oncocytic lipoadenomas of salivary gland are extremely rare tumors with only two previously reported cases. In this paper, we describe an additional example of oncocytic lipoadenoma showing sebaceous differentiation, a hitherto unreported occurrence. The tumor was encapsulated and measured 3 × 2.5 × 2 cm. Microscopically, the tumor comprised a mixture of oncocytes with “light” and “dark” cells intimately associated with mature adipose tissue. The oncocytes were positive for low molecular keratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and keratin 7, with only a small subgroup of cells expressing high-molecular-weight keratin, keratin 5/6, keratin 19, and p63. Terminally differentiated sebaceous cells were positive for EMA and keratin 14 only. Calponin and actins were negative, indicating a lack of myoepithelial cells in the tumor. The keratin profile and p63 expression of this oncocytic lipoadenoma suggest the presence of a dual cell population somewhat similar to the dual cell population described in some ultrastructural studies of pure salivary gland oncocytomas and may represent partial basal-cell differentiation. The presence and nature of a dual cell population in oncocytic neoplasms of salivary glands merit further investigation to confirm these observations.