, Volume 448, Issue 5, pp 644-647
Date: 01 Mar 2006

Composite adenocarcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the rectum

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Composite glandular-endocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are rare neoplasms. Even more uncommon are the so-called amphicrine tumors, lesions in which dual epithelial and endocrine differentiation occurs in the same cell. We describe a patient who complained of rectal pain and bleeding with a mixed or composite adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma of the rectum. Histological examination revealed a distinct adenocarcinoma of conventional type with glandular structures admixed intimately with a neuroendocrine carcinoma. The latter component was deeply infiltrative, while the adenocarcinoma occupied the more superficial aspect of the tumor. What was interesting was the immunophenotype of the lesion: cytokeratin (CK) 20 expression was very focal in the adenocarcinoma component and negative in the neuroendocrine carcinoma, while CK 7 was expressed strongly in the adenocarcinoma and only focally in the neuroendocrine component. This cytokeratin profile suggests a possible origin from the anal transitional zone.