, Volume 446, Issue 4, pp 421-429
Date: 09 Mar 2005

Expression of ADAM15 in lung carcinomas

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ADAM15, a member of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family, is a membrane protein containing both protease and adhesion domains and may, thus, be involved in tumor invasion and metastasis. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of ADAM15 and its potential ligand, integrin αvβ3 (CD51/CD61), in lung carcinoma cell lines and tissues. Most small cell lung carcinomas (SCLCs) and non-SCLC cell lines were ADAM15, αv and β3 integrin mRNA positive. Half of the cell lines expressed ADAM15, and three expressed the αvβ3 heterodimer at the cell surface as shown using flow cytometry. Paraffin sections of pulmonary epithelial tumors, including SCLCs (n=26), squamous cell cancer (SCCs, n=27) and adenocarcinomas (ACs, n=17) were stained with antibodies to the ectosolic and cytosolic domain of ADAM15 and αvβ3 integrin complex. The results were scored (0–12, according to Remmele’s score). Normal epithelial cells of the lung were negative or slightly positive for ADAM15 (score<2). The score was always significantly higher for tumor cells. ACs showed the strongest staining (tumor center; ADAM15ecto; mean±SEM; 5.47±1.04), whereas SCLCs only showed weak ADAM15 expression (2.67±0.42; SCCs: 3.62±0.62). Frequently, significantly stronger ADAM15 expression has been shown in tumor cells located at the front of invasion compared with those within solid formations. Overall analysis of all tumor specimens and each tumor type revealed no significant correlation between tumor stage or degree of differentiation and ADAM15 ectosolic or cytosolic domain expression in tumor cells. Both molecules are often co-localized in the same tumor cells in ADAM15- and αvβ3 integrin-positive carcinomas. In summary, lung carcinoma cell lines and tissues were frequently ADAM15 positive.