, Volume 443, Issue 5, pp 609-617
Date: 13 Sep 2003

Central atypical papillomas of the breast: a clinicopathological study of 119 cases

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Abstract

The clinicopathological features of central intraductal papillomas of the breast presenting with florid usual ductal hyperplasia or atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) were analyzed in a retrospective series of 119 patients, whose lesions were sent to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology from 1976 to 1990. After histological review considering predefined morphological and quantitative criteria, the 119 central papillomas were classified into 22 papillomas with florid usual ductal hyperplasia (18%), 40 papillomas with focal atypia (34%), 24 atypical papillomas (20%) and 33 carcinomas arising in a papilloma (28%). After a median period of follow-up of 110 months, 16 recurrences (5 papillomas, 2 carcinomas arising in a papilloma, 4 ductal carcinomas in situ, 5 invasive carcinomas) occurred. No statistically significant difference was observed in relation to recurrence for the various categories of papillomas. The presence of epithelial hyperplasia, ADH or lobular neoplasia in the surrounding breast as well as infarction of the papilloma were significant predictive factors of recurrence (P=0.02 and P=0.005, respectively, log-rank test). The main reason for the observed low rate of significant recurrences in this series was that epithelial atypia (whether comprising 20% or 60% of the papillary lesion) was, in most of the cases, localized in a confined lesion that was completely excised.