, Volume 213, Issue 11, pp 567-572
Date: 09 Oct 2003

Distinct MADS-box gene expression patterns in the reproductive cones of the gymnosperm Gnetum gnemon

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Expression patterns from in situ hybridization of four MADS-box genes (GGM7, GGM9, GGM11, and GGM15) from the gymnosperm species Gnetum gnemon are presented. Together with previously published data about putative orthologs of floral homeotic genes from G. gnemon (GGM2, GGM3, GGM13), we describe seven temporally and spatially distinct expression patterns in male, female or both types of reproductive units which very likely reflect the diversity of MADS-box gene function in gymnosperm cones. There is evidence that some aspects of the observed differential expression have been conserved since the last common ancestor of extant angiosperms and gymnosperms about 300 million years ago.

Edited by R.J. Sommer