Psychological Research

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 59–67

Eye direction aftereffect

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00426-004-0188-3

Cite this article as:
Seyama, J. & Nagayama, R.S. Psychological Research (2006) 70: 59. doi:10.1007/s00426-004-0188-3


Three experiments using computer-generated human figures showed that after a prolonged observation of eyes looking to the left (or right), eyes looking directly toward the viewer appeared directed to the right (or left). Observation of an arrow pointing left or right did not induce this aftereffect on the perceived eye direction. Happy faces produced the aftereffect more effectively than surprised faces, even though the image features of the eyes were identical for both the happy and the surprised faces. These results suggest that the eye direction aftereffect may reflect the adaptation of relatively higher-level mechanisms analyzing the other’s eye direction.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of LettersUniversity of TokyoBunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113–0033Japan
  2. 2.Department of Communication Sciences & DisordersHiroshima Prefectural College of Health SciencesMihara-City, Hiroshima 723–0053Japan
  3. 3.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesShizuoka Eiwa Gakuin UniversityShizuoka-City, Shizuoka 422–8005Japan