The attentional blink: Resource depletion or temporary loss of control?
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Identification of the second of two targets is impaired if it is presented less than about 500 ms after the first. Theoretical accounts of this second-target deficit, known as attentional blink (AB), have relied on some form of limited attentional resource that is allocated to the leading target at the expense of the trailing target. Three experiments in the present study reveal a failure of resource-limitation accounts to explain why the AB is absent when the targets consist of a stream of three items belonging to the same category (e.g., letters or digits). The AB is reinstated, however, if an item from a different category is inserted in the target string. This result, and all major results in the AB literature, is explained by the hypothesis that the AB arises from a temporary loss of control over the prevailing attentional set. This lapse in control renders the observer vulnerable to an exogenously-triggered switch in attentional set.
- Allport, A., Styles, E. A., & Hsieh, S. (1994). Shifting intentional set: Exploring the dynamics of tasks. In C. Umiltà & M. Moscovitch (Eds.), Attention and performance XV, (pp. 421–452). Cambridge, MA: MIT/Bradford.
- Baddeley, A. (1986). Working memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Barnard, (2004) Psychological Science 15: pp. 179 CrossRef
- Broadbent, D. E. (1958). Perception and communication. Oxford: Pergamon.
- Cherry, (1953) Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 25: pp. 975
- Chun, (1997) Psychophysics 59: pp. 1191
- Chun, (1995) Human Perception and Performance 21: pp. 109 CrossRef
- Coltheart, (1980) Psychophysics 27: pp. 183
- Giesbrecht, (1998) Human Perception and Performance 24: pp. 1454 CrossRef
- Goldman-Rakic, P. S. (1987). Circuitry of primate prefrontal cortex and regulation of behavior by representational knowledge. In F. Plum & V. B. Mountcastle (Eds.), Handbook of physiology, Section 1, the nervous system, Vol. 5, higher functions of the brain (pp. 373–417). Bethesda, MD: American Physiological Society.
- James, W. (1950). The principles of psychology, Vol. 1. New York: Dover. (Original work published in 1890).
- Jolicoeur, (1998) Cognitive Psychology 36: pp. 138 CrossRef
- Kawahara, (2003) Psychophysics 65: pp. 339
- Meiran, (1996) and Cognition 22: pp. 1423 CrossRef
- Monsell, S. (1996). Control of mental processes. In V. Bruce (Ed.), Unsolved mysteries of the mind: Tutorial essays in cognition (pp. 93–148). Howe, Sussex: Erlbaum (UK) Taylor & Francis.
- Pinilla, T., & Valdes-Sosa, M. (in press). Attentional shift time and scene organization: Not all blinks are equal. Psychological Science.
- Potter, (1998) and Cognition 24: pp. 979
- Raymond, (2003) Psychological Science 14: pp. 54 CrossRef
- Raymond, (1992) Human Perception and Performance 18: pp. 849
- Rogers, (1995) General 124: pp. 207
- Shallice, T. (1994). Multiple levels of control processes. In C. Umiltà & M. Moscovitch (Eds.), Attention and performance XV (pp. 395–420). Cambridge, MA: MIT.
- Shapiro, (1994) Human Perception and Performance 20: pp. 357 CrossRef
- Shiffrin, (1977) Psychological Review 84: pp. 127 CrossRef
- Sperling, (1960) Psychological Monographs 74: pp. Whole
- Treisman, (1960) Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 12: pp. 242
- Visser, (1999) Psychological Bulletin 125: pp. 458 CrossRef
- Ward, (1996) Cognitive Psychology 30: pp. 79 CrossRef
- The attentional blink: Resource depletion or temporary loss of control?
Volume 69, Issue 3 , pp 191-200
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links