, Volume 214, Issue 4, pp 562-571

Composition and content of glucosinolates in developing Arabidopsis thaliana

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The glucosinolate composition and content in various tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. ecotype Columbia during development from seeds to bolting plants were determined in detail by high-performance liquid chromatography. Comparison of the glucosinolate profiles of leaves, roots and stems from mature plants with those of green siliques and mature seeds indicated that a majority of the seed glucosinolates were synthesized de novo in the silique. A comparison of the glucosinolate profile of mature seeds with that of cotyledons indicated that a major part of seed glucosinolates was retained in the cotyledons. Turnover of glucosinolates was studied by germination of seeds containing radiolabelled p-hydroxybenzylglucosinolate (p-OHBG). Approximately 70% of the content of [14C]p-OHBG in the seeds was detected in seedlings at the cotyledon stage and [14C]p-OHBG was barely detectable in young plants with rosettes of six to eight leaves. The turnover of p-OHBG was found to coincide with the expression of the glucosinolate-degrading enzyme myrosinase, which was detectable at very low levels in seedlings at the cotyledon stage, but which dramatically increased in leaves from plants at later developmental stages. This indicates that there is a continuous turnover of glucosinolates during development and not only upon tissue disruption.

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