, Volume 213, Issue 5, pp 691-699

COI1 affects myrosinase activity and controls the expression of two flower-specific myrosinase-binding protein homologues in Arabidopsis

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Abstract.

Two cDNA clones homologous to myrosinase-binding proteins (MBPs) were identified by differential display in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. The cDNAs (MBP1 and MBP2) correspond to two open-reading frames found in a gene cluster of seven putative MBP genes located on chromosome 1. The predicted proteins MBP1 and MBP2 are similar to lectins and plant aggregating factors. In addition, MBP2 contains a region of high content of proline and alanine residues, commonly found in arabinogalactan proteins and hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins. Transcripts corresponding to MBP1 and MBP2 genes are exclusively and abundantly expressed in flowers but are not detected in male-sterile flowers of coi1 plants, insensitive to jasmonic acid. Northern analysis and in situ hybridization revealed that MBP mRNAs are present in higher levels in immature flowers and are localized in several floral organs, including the ovary, ovules, style, anthers and filament. Transcripts of the Arabidopsis myrosinase gene TGG1 show a pattern of expression similar to that observed for the MBP genes during flower development; however, they are also abundant in green tissues and are only partially affected by COI1. Crude preparations of soluble proteins from leaf and flower extracts of wild-type Arabidopsis showed myrosinase activity when sinigrin was used as substrate. In contrast, coi1 plants showed significantly reduced myrosinase activities in both leaves and flowers. The results show that COI1 controls MBP expression in flowers and significantly affects the expression and activity of myrosinase in Arabidopsis.

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