Expression of cucumber lipid-body lipoxygenase in transgenic tobacco: lipid-body lipoxygenase is correctly targeted to seed lipid bodies
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- Hause, B., Weichert, H., Höhne, M. et al. Planta (2000) 210: 708. doi:10.1007/s004250050671
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A particular isoform of lipoxygenase (LOX, EC 18.104.22.168) localized on lipid bodies has been shown by earlier investigations to play a role during seed germination in initiating the mobilization of triacylglycerols. On lipid bodies of germinating cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) seedlings, the modification of linoleoyl moieties by this LOX precedes the hydrolysis of the ester bonds. We analyzed the expression and intracellular location of this particular LOX form in leaves and seeds of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) transformed with one construct coding for cucumber lipid-body LOX and one construct coding for cucumber LOX fused with a hemagglutinin epitope. In both tissues, the amount of lipid-body LOX was clearly detectable. Biochemical analysis revealed that in mature seeds the foreign LOX was targeted to lipid bodies, and the preferred location of the LOX on lipid bodies was verified by immunofluorescence microscopy. Cells of the endosperm and of the embryo exhibited fluorescence based on the immunodecoration of LOX protein whereas very weak fluorescent label was visible in seeds of untransformed control plants. Further cytochemical analysis of transformed plants showed that the LOX protein accumulated in the cytoplasm when green leaves lacking lipid bodies were analyzed. Increased LOX activity was shown in young leaves of transformed plants by an increase in the amounts of endogenous (2E)-hexenal and jasmonic acid.