, Volume 205, Issue 1, pp 51-55

Elicitor-stimulated biosynthesis of hydroxycinnamoyltyramines in cell suspension cultures of Solanum tuberosum

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Abstract.

Treatment of suspension-cultured potato cells (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desirée) with an elicitor from Phytophthora infestans induced increased incorporation of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzoate, and N-4-coumaroyl- and N-feruloyltyramine into the cell␣wall and secretion of N-4-coumaroyl- and N-feruloyltyramine into the culture medium. Induced metabolite accumulation was preceded by rapid and transient increases in activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.5) and tyrosine decarboxylase (TyrDC; EC 4.1.1.25), exhibiting maximal activities 5–10 h after initiation of elicitor treatment. Activities of hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:tyramine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.110), catalyzing the formation of N-4-coumaroyl- and N-feruloyltyramine, increased later and remained at high levels. The phenolic defense compounds appear to be involved in cell wall reinforcement and may further directly affect fungal growth in the apoplastic space.

Received: 26 July 1997 / Accepted: 9 September 1997