Dynamics of limiting cell wall porosity in plant suspension cultures
- Cite this article as:
- Titel, C., Woehlecke, H., Afifi, I. et al. Planta (1997) 203: 320. doi:10.1007/s004250050197
- 162 Views
Changes in the limiting porosity of cell walls, i.e. the size limit for permeation of neutral molecules through the wall, were studied in several higher-plant cell-suspension cultures. For this purpose, samples of biomass fixed at different cultivation times were investigated using a method based on size-exclusion chromatography of polydisperse dextrans before and after equilibration with the extracted cell clusters. In suspension cultures of Chenopodium album L., Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. and Medicago sativa L., the mean size limit (MSL; critical Stokes' radius for exclusion of neutral polymers from half of the intracellular space) was found to vary between 2.4 and 3.8 nm. It decreased significantly during transition from the growth phase to the stationary phase. In the case of the C. album culture this change was found to be irrespective of whether sucrose in the medium was completely depleted at the end of the growth phase or not. The MSL was kept constant for long periods of the stationary phase if cell viability was maintained by repeated sucrose supplement. In a suspension strain of Triticum aestivum L., the MSL of cell wall permeation was comparatively small (1.75 nm) and remained constant during all cultivation phases. Relations between limiting porosity and cell wall growth, loss of pectic compounds to the medium, cross-linking activities and cell wall stiffening are discussed.