Identification and partial characterization of proteins and proteoglycans encrusting the secondary cell walls of flax fibres
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- Girault, R., His, I., Andeme-Onzighi, C. et al. Planta (2000) 211: 256. doi:10.1007/s004250000281
Four proteins were isolated from depectinised elementary fibres of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.), using either alkali or cellulase digestion treatments. All the four proteins were characterized by a deficiency or low contents of hydroxyproline and by high levels of glutamic acid/glutamine and/or aspartic acid/asparagine. The two proteoglycans solubilized with cellulase strongly reacted with β-glucosyl Yariv reagent but not with α-glucosyl Yariv reagent and contained appreciable amounts of alanine, glycine, serine and threonine, suggesting a relationship with cell wall hydroxyproline-deficient arabinogalactan-proteins. The two alkali-extracted proteins did not show any reaction with β-glucosyl Yariv dye. Due to the harsh treatment, they might only partially represent the original proteins. Due to its high level of glycine (41%), one of these proteins might be classified as a glycine-rich protein. The latter polypeptide, of low molecular molar mass, contained 14.6% leucine and might consist of a domain related to leucine-rich proteins. The data show that these proteins and arabinogalactan-protein-like proteoglycans were strongly associated with the secondary walls of flax fibres. Their presence in small amounts (0.1–0.4%), raises the problem of their putative structural role.