, Volume 219, Issue 1, pp 176-184
Date: 11 Mar 2004

Expression and localisation analysis of the wheat sucrose transporter TaSUT1 in vegetative tissues

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Abstract

Previously we reported the isolation of three sucrose transporter genes, TaSUT1A, 1B and 1D, all expressed at high levels in the developing grains of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), but also in a variety of other tissues [N. Aoki et al. (2002) Plant Mol Biol 50:453–462]. In order to further characterise the expression of the TaSUT1 genes in wheat plants, we have analysed TaSUT1 expression in their vegetative tissues using semi-quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction, in situ hybridisation and immunolocalisation. The three TaSUT1 genes, which encode 98% identical SUT proteins, all appeared to be expressed at the same level in leaf blades, leaf sheaths and internodes, as well as developing grains, of hexaploid wheat. In mature leaf blades, TaSUT1 protein localised to the plasma membrane of phloem sieve elements in all classes of veins. In contrast, TaSUT1 mRNA was found to be localised to phloem companion cells. A similar localisation pattern for TaSUT1 protein was observed in veins of leaf sheaths and internodes. These results suggest that the wheat SUT1 has a transport function in enucleate sieve elements, in both veins responsible for loading photoassimilates, and in veins for axial transport. Furthermore, transport of the fluorescent dye carboxyfluorescein was used to investigate symplasmic connectivity between sieve element–companion cell complexes and non-phloem cells. Observations in source leaves indicated that sieve element–companion cell complexes of minor veins were symplasmically restricted, suggesting a role of TaSUT1 in apoplasmic phloem loading. In contrast, the dye was able to move symplasmically out of the phloem in internodes. In these circumstances TaSUT1 may also have a role in retrieving sucrose leaked to the phloem apoplasm.