Effects of cyclopiazonic acid on Ca2+ regulation by the sarcoplasmic reticulum in saponin-permeabilized skeletal muscle fibres
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- Duke, A. & Steele, D. Pflügers Arch (1998) 436: 104. doi:10.1007/s004240050610
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The effects of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ pump inhibitor cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) were studied in saponin-permeabilized frog skeletal muscle fibres. Release of Ca2+ from the SR was triggered by brief (2 s) applications of 40 mM caffeine at 2-min intervals. Changes in [Ca2+] within the fibre were monitored continuously using Fura-2 fluorescence. At a bathing [Ca2+] of 100 nM, introduction of 20 μM CPA induced a slow release of Ca2+ from the SR. The following one to two caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients were markedly increased in amplitude and duration. Thereafter, the caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients decreased progressively and were barely detectable 6–7 min after introduction of CPA. However, increasing the bathing [Ca2+] or increasing the Ca2+ loading period resulted in a partial recovery of the caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients, suggesting that pump inhibition is incomplete, even in the presence of 100 μM CPA. The slow Ca2+ efflux induced by CPA was insensitive to ryanodine, but absent following abolition of SR Ca2+ pump activity by ATP withdrawal. These results suggest that the caffeine-induced Ca2+ transient reflects a balance between efflux via the SR Ca2+ channel and reuptake by the Ca pump. Ca2+ release upon addition of CPA may result from inhibition of SR Ca2+ uptake, which reveals a tonic Ca2+ efflux that is independent of the Ca2+ release channels.