, Volume 457, Issue 4, pp 931-940
Date: 15 Jul 2008

Fatty acids do not activate UCP2 in pancreatic beta cells: comparison with UCP1

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

UCP2 is expressed in pancreatic β cells where its postulated uncoupling activity will modulate glucose-induced changes in ATP/ADP ratio and insulin secretion. The consequences of UCP2 over/underexpression on β-cell function has mainly been studied in the basal state; however, a UCP has no uncoupling activity unless stimulated by fatty acids and/or reactive oxygen species. Here, UCP2 was overexpressed in INS-1 cells and parameters reflecting mitochondrial coupling measured in the basal state and after stimulation by fatty acids. For comparison, UCP1 was expressed to similar levels and the same parameters measured. Neither UCP1 expression nor UCP2 overexpression modified basal or glucose-stimulated metabolic changes. Upon addition of fatty acids, UCP1-expressing cells displayed the expected mitochondrial uncoupling effect, while UCP2 did not elicit any measurable change in mitochondrial function. Taken together, our data demonstrate that, in pancreatic β-cells, UCP2 has no uncoupling activity in the basal state or after fatty acid stimulation.