, Volume 457, Issue 3, pp 623-634,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 07 Mar 2008

The non-gastric H,K-ATPase as a tool to study the ouabain-binding site in Na,K-ATPase

Abstract

Based on studies with chimeras between (non-)gastric H,K-ATPase and Na,K-ATPase, a model for the ouabain binding site has recently been presented (Qiu et al. J.Biol.Chem. 280 (2005) 32349). In this model, hydrogen bonds between specific amino acid residues of Na,K-ATPase and hydroxyl groups of ouabain play a crucial role. In the present study, a series of ouabain analogues were tested on baculovirus-expressed Na,K-ATPase and an ouabain-sensitive mutant of non-gastric H,K-ATPase (D312E/ S319G/ A778P/ I795L/ F802C). For each analogue, the results obtained by measuring ATPase inhibition and [3H]ouabain replacement agreed rather well. In Na,K-ATPase, strophanthidin had a 7–10 times higher and digoxin a 4–12 times lower affinity than ouabain. The results of the non-gastric H,K-ATPase mutant were rather similar to that of Na,K-ATPase with exception of dihydro-ouabain that showed a much lower affinity with the non-gastric H,K-ATPase mutant. Docking studies showed that all analogues bind to the same pocket in Na,K-ATPase. However, the amino acids to which hydrogen bonds were formed differed and depended on the availability of hydroxyl or keto groups in the ouabain analogues.