Nuclear phospholipid signaling: phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C and phosphoinositide 3-kinase
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- Visnjic, D. & Banfic, H. Pflugers Arch - Eur J Physiol (2007) 455: 19. doi:10.1007/s00424-007-0288-1
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Over the last 20 years, numerous studies have demonstrated the existence of nuclear phosphoinositide signaling distinct from the one at the plasma membrane. The activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), the generation of diacylglycerol, and the accumulation of the 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositides have been documented in the nuclei of different cell types. In this review, we summarize some recent studies of the subnuclear localization, mechanisms of activation, and the possible physiological roles of the nuclear PI-PLC and PI-3 kinases in the regulation of cell cycle, survival, and differentiation.