, Volume 453, Issue 5, pp 675-684

ABCC10, ABCC11, and ABCC12

Abstract

Multidrug resistance protein (MRP)7, MRP8, and MRP9 (gene symbols ABCC10, ABCC11, and ABCC12) are recently identified members of the MRP family that are at relatively early stages of investigation. Of these proteins, a physiological function has only been established for MRP8, for which a single nucleotide polymorphism determines wet vs dry earwax type. MRP7 and MRP8 are lipophilic anion pumps that are able to confer resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. MRP7 is competent in the transport of the glucuronide E217βG, and its resistance profile, which includes several natural product anticancer agents, is distinguished by the taxane docetaxel. MRP8 is able to transport a diverse range of lipophilic anions, including cyclic nucleotides, E217βG, steroid sulfates such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS) and E1S, glutathione conjugates such as leukotriene C4 and dinitrophenyl-S-glutathione, and monoanionic bile acids. However, the constituent of earwax that is susceptible to transport by MRP8 has not been identified. MRP8 has complex interactions with its substrates, as indicated by the nonreciprocal ability of DHEAS to stimulate E217βG transport. Similar to the case for other MRPs that possess only two membrane spanning domains (MRP4 and MRP5), MRP8 is a cyclic nucleotide efflux pump that is able to confer resistance to nucleoside-based agents, such as PMEA and 5FU. The functional characteristics of MRP9 are currently unknown.