Surgical management of Crohn’s disease
- Virginia Oliva ShafferAffiliated withDivision of General and GI Surgery, Colorectal Surgery, Emory University
- , Steven D. WexnerAffiliated withDepartment of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida Email author
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Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect the entire gastrointestinal tract. It is chronic and incurable, and the mainstay of therapy is medical management with surgical intervention as complications arise. Surgery is required in approximately 70% of patients with Crohn’s disease. Because repeat interventions are often needed, these patients may benefit from bowel-sparing techniques and minimally invasive approaches. Various bowel-sparing techniques, including strictureplasty, can be applied to reduce the risk of short-bowel syndrome.
A review of the available literature using the PubMed search engine was undertaken to compile data on the surgical treatment of Crohn’s disease.
Results and conclusion
Data support the use of laparoscopy in treating Crohn’s disease, although the potential technical challenges in these settings mandate appropriate prerequisite surgical expertise.
KeywordsCrohn’s disease Treatment Surgery Laparoscopy
- Surgical management of Crohn’s disease
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Volume 398, Issue 1 , pp 13-27
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of General and GI Surgery, Colorectal Surgery, Emory University, 1365 Clifton Rd. NE, Suite 3300, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA
- 2. Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, 2950 Cleveland Clinic Blvd, Weston, FL, 33331, USA