Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 1–8

What is the biological basis of sensorimotor integration?

Open Access

DOI: 10.1007/s00422-011-0419-9

Cite this article as:
Flanders, M. Biol Cybern (2011) 104: 1. doi:10.1007/s00422-011-0419-9


This Prospects presents the problems that must be solved by the vertebrate nervous system in the process of sensorimotor integration and motor control. The concepts of efference copy and inverse model are defined, and multiple biological mechanisms are described, including those that form the basis of integration, extrapolation, and comparison/cancellation operations. Open questions for future research include the biological basis of continuous and distributed versus modular control, and somatosensory–motor coordination.


Motor control Somatosensory Haptic Sensory feedback Efference copy Forward model 
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© The Author(s) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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