Significant changes in VLDL-Triacylglycerol and glucose tolerance in obese subjects following ten days of training

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We characterized the effect of ten days of training on lipid metabolism in 6 [age 37.2 (2.3) years] sedentary, obese [BMI 34.4 (3.0) kg · m−2] males with normal glucose tolerance. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed prior to and at the end of the 10 d of training period. The duration of each daily exercise session was 40 min at an intensity equivalent to ˜75% of the age predicted maximum heart rate. Blood measurements were performed after an overnight fast, before and at the end of the 10 d period. Plasma triacylglycerol was significantly (p < 0.05) reduced following exercise training (2.15 ± 0.29 vs. 1.55 ± 0.28 mmol · l−1). Very low density lipoprotein-triacylglycerol was also significantly (p < 0.05) reduced (1.82 ± 0.3 vs. 1.29 ± 0.29 mmol · l−1). No significant changes in high density lipoprotein-cholesterol were observed as a result of training. Following training fasting plasma glucose and fasting plasma insulin were significantly reduced [Glucose: 5.9 (0.2) mmol · l−1 vs. 5.3 (0.22) mmol · l−1 (p < 0.05); Insulin 264.3 (53.8) ρ · mol · l−1 vs. 200.9 (30.1) ρ · mol · l−1, p = 0.05]. The total area under the glucose curve during the OGTT decreased significantly (p < 0.05). These preliminary data suggest that short-term exercise, without concomitant loss of body mass, induces favorable changes in plasma triacylglycerol, and very low density lipoprotein-triacylglycerol and glucose tolerance but has no effect on high density lipoproteincholesterol.

Accepted: 7 January 1998