Original Article

European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 109, Issue 4, pp 601-606

First online:

Reductions in resting blood pressure after 4 weeks of isometric exercise training

  • Gavin R. DevereuxAffiliated withDepartment of Sport Science, Tourism and Leisure, Canterbury Christ Church University Email author 
  • , Jonathan D. WilesAffiliated withDepartment of Sport Science, Tourism and Leisure, Canterbury Christ Church University
  • , Ian L. SwaineAffiliated withDepartment of Sport Science, Tourism and Leisure, Canterbury Christ Church University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

There is some evidence to suggest isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure in a shorter period than the typical 8 weeks, reported most commonly. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure, and whether these changes are associated with altered cardiac output or total peripheral resistance. Thirteen participants volunteered for a 4-week crossover training study, involving three sessions per week (each session involving 4 × 2 min bilateral-leg isometric exercise). The training intensity used (95% peak HR) was equivalent to 24% MVC. In addition to blood pressure, resting heart rate, cardiac output, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were measured. Results demonstrated that bilateral-leg isometric exercise training for 4 weeks caused significant reductions in systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure. Changes were −4.9 ± 5.8, −2.8 ± 3.2, and −2.7 ± 2.4 mmHg, respectively. No differences were observed in the other resting measures. In conclusion, this study has shown that it is possible to induce reductions in arterial blood pressure after 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric exercise.

Keywords

Arterial blood pressure Isometric exercise Muscle mass Vascular conductance