European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 105, Issue 5, pp 739–747

Exercise modality and physical fitness in perimenopausal women

  • Susanne Ring-Dimitriou
  • Peter Steinbacher
  • Serge P. von Duvillard
  • Helmut Kaessmann
  • Erich Müller
  • Alexandra Maria Sänger
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00421-008-0956-7

Cite this article as:
Ring-Dimitriou, S., Steinbacher, P., von Duvillard, S.P. et al. Eur J Appl Physiol (2009) 105: 739. doi:10.1007/s00421-008-0956-7

Abstract

The effect of exercise modalities on determinants of sarcopenia, specifically, lean tissue mass, maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), muscle quality (MQ), and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) over 12 weeks were studied in 42 (45–55 years, 60 days of amenorrhea, with ≤1 h/week physical activity) perimenopausal females. Subjects were assigned to strength training (super-slow, 20 s tension, STss = 7; hypertrophy, 2–4 s tension, STht = 8), endurance training (intermittent, ≥48 h rest, ETi = 7; consecutive, 24 h, ETc = 9) and autogenic training group (AT = 11). ST and ET met 60 min day−1, 3 days week−1 and AT 1 day week−1. Leg extension, incremental cycling with gas exchange, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and blood analysis were tested. The MANOVA revealed that STss improved MVIC (< 0.01) and MQ (P ≤ 0.01). The VO2peak also increased significantly in ET group by 28% (ETi: = 0.02, ETc: = 0.01). A modality-specific effect on strength, MQ, and VO2peak in perimenopausal females was duly noted.

Keywords

SuperSlow® Hypertrophy Cycling Muscle loss Females 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Ring-Dimitriou
    • 1
  • Peter Steinbacher
    • 2
  • Serge P. von Duvillard
    • 1
  • Helmut Kaessmann
    • 3
  • Erich Müller
    • 1
  • Alexandra Maria Sänger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sport Science and KinesiologyUniversity of SalzburgHalleinAustria
  2. 2.Department of Organismic BiologyUniversity of SalzburgHalleinAustria
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear MedicineSt Johanns Hospital and Paracelsus Private Medical School of SalzburgHalleinAustria

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