International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

, Volume 84, Issue 4, pp 453–459

Burnout risk in medical students in Spain using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey

  • Fernando Galán
  • Arturo Sanmartín
  • Juan Polo
  • Lucas Giner
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00420-011-0623-x

Cite this article as:
Galán, F., Sanmartín, A., Polo, J. et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (2011) 84: 453. doi:10.1007/s00420-011-0623-x

Abstract

Purpose

It is questionable whether the Maslach Burnout is suitable for studying burnout prevalence in preclinical medical students because many questions are patient-centered and the students have little or no contact with patients. Among factors associated with burnout in medical students, the gender shows conflicting results. The first aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the risk of burnout in medical students in preclinical and clinical years of training, using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, specifically designed and validated to assess the burnout in university students, and secondly, to investigate the association between gender and burnout subscales.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 270 Spanish medical students—176 (65%) in the third year and 94 (35%) in the sixth year of training—using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey questionnaire.

Results

Internal consistencies (Cronbach’s alpha) for the three subscales on the whole sample were as follows: for exhaustion 0.78, cynicism 0.78, and efficacy 0.71. Moreover, the prevalence of burnout risk was significantly higher in sixth-year students 35 (37.5%) compared with students in third year of training 26 (14.8%) (χ2 test, p < 0.0001). No significant association was found between gender and burnout subscales.

Conclusions

The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey overcame difficulties encountered when students have little or no contact with patients. Our findings show that the risk of burnout prevalence doubled from the third year to sixth year of training and that gender was not significantly associated with any of the subscales of burnout.

Keywords

BurnoutGenderMedical studentsMaslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Galán
    • 1
  • Arturo Sanmartín
    • 2
  • Juan Polo
    • 3
  • Lucas Giner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, School of MedicineUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of MedicineUniversity of SevilleSevilleSpain