Relationship between indoor chemical concentrations and subjective symptoms associated with sick building syndrome in newly built houses in Japan

  • Tomoko Takigawa
  • Bing-Ling Wang
  • Yasuaki Saijo
  • Kanehisa Morimoto
  • Kunio Nakayama
  • Masatoshi Tanaka
  • Eiji Shibata
  • Takesumi Yoshimura
  • Hisao Chikara
  • Keiki Ogino
  • Reiko Kishi
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00420-009-0475-9

Cite this article as:
Takigawa, T., Wang, BL., Saijo, Y. et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (2010) 83: 225. doi:10.1007/s00420-009-0475-9

Abstract

Objectives

This study explored possible associations between chemical substances and sick building syndrome (SBS)-type symptoms of residents living in new houses in Japan.

Methods

We randomly sampled 5,709 newly built conventional homes. In the end, 1,479 residents in 425 households completed a questionnaire survey and agreed to environmental monitoring for indoor aldehydes and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to be conducted in their homes. If the residents had complained about at least one SBS-related symptom, they were classified as suffering from SBS. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to select predictive chemical factors of SBS symptoms.

Results

About 14% of the subjects suffered from SBS. Many aldehydes and VOCs were associated factors of optical, nasal, and gular symptoms in univariate analysis. After adjustment for other possible risk factors, formaldehyde dose-dependently showed to be a significant risk factor for SBS. Several chemicals had tendency to be associated with SBS symptoms.

Conclusions

Chemicals detected in Japanese newly built houses tend to increase the risk of subjective symptoms in residents suffering from SBS.

Keywords

Sick building syndromeIndoor airAldehydesVolatile organic compoundsSubjective symptoms

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoko Takigawa
    • 1
  • Bing-Ling Wang
    • 1
  • Yasuaki Saijo
    • 2
  • Kanehisa Morimoto
    • 3
  • Kunio Nakayama
    • 3
  • Masatoshi Tanaka
    • 4
  • Eiji Shibata
    • 5
  • Takesumi Yoshimura
    • 6
  • Hisao Chikara
    • 6
  • Keiki Ogino
    • 1
  • Reiko Kishi
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthOkayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical SciencesOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Health ScienceAsahikawa Medical CollegeAsahikawaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Social and Environmental MedicineOsaka University Graduate School of MedicineSuitaJapan
  4. 4.Fukushima CollegeFukushimaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Health and Psychosocial MedicineAichi Medical University School of MedicineNagakute-choJapan
  6. 6.Fukuoka Institute of Health and Environmental SciencesDazaifuJapan
  7. 7.Department of Public HealthHokkaido University Graduate School of MedicineSapporoJapan