A short generic measure of work stress in the era of globalization: effort–reward imbalance
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- Siegrist, J., Wege, N., Pühlhofer, F. et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (2009) 82: 1005. doi:10.1007/s00420-008-0384-3
We evaluate psychometric properties of a short version of the original effort–reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire. This measure is of interest in the context of assessing stressful work conditions in the era of economic globalization.
In a representative sample of 10,698 employed men and women participating in the longitudinal Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in Germany, a short version of the ERI questionnaire was included in the 2006 panel wave. Structural equation modeling and logistic regression analysis were applied.
In addition to satisfactory internal consistency of scales, a model representing the theoretical structure of the scales provided the best data fit in a competitive test (RMSEA = 0.059, CAIC = 4124.19). Scoring high on the ERI scales was associated with elevated risks of poor self-rated health.
This short version of the ERI questionnaire reveals satisfactory psychometric properties, and can be recommended for further use in research and practice.