International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

, Volume 82, Issue 4, pp 509–517

Phenotypes of individuals affected by airborne chemicals in the general population

  • Nikolaj Drimer Berg
  • Allan Linneberg
  • Asger Dirksen
  • Jesper Elberling
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00420-008-0352-y

Cite this article as:
Berg, N.D., Linneberg, A., Dirksen, A. et al. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (2009) 82: 509. doi:10.1007/s00420-008-0352-y

Abstract

Objective

To characterise the chemical exposures and symptoms affecting individuals with subsequent adjustments of social life or occupational conditions, and further characterise these severely affected individuals.

Methods

All individuals (n = 1,134) who reported symptoms from airborne chemical exposures in a population-based questionnaire study of 6,000 individuals were included and dichotomised according to severity. Logistic regression models were used to characterise the group of severely affected individuals.

Results

Severely affected individuals reported more symptoms and exposures related to symptoms than less severely affected individuals, and the number of symptoms was more predictive for severity than the number of exposures. Most predictive for the severity of reported symptoms were CNS-symptoms other than headache (OR = 3.2, P < 0.001) and exposure to freshly printed papers or magazines (OR = 2.0, P = 0.001).

Conclusion

CNS-symptoms except from headache were a main characteristic of individuals severely affected by common chemical exposures in a general population-based sample.

Keywords

PhenotypesSymptomsPopulation-basedAirborne chemicalsMultiple chemical sensitivityIdiopathic environmental intolerance

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolaj Drimer Berg
    • 1
  • Allan Linneberg
    • 2
  • Asger Dirksen
    • 3
  • Jesper Elberling
    • 1
  1. 1.The Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitivities, Gentofte HospitalUniversity of CopenhagenGentofteDenmark
  2. 2.Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup HospitalUniversity of CopenhagenGlostrupDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Respiratory Medicine Y, Gentofte HospitalUniversity of CopenhagenHellerupDenmark