, Volume 136, Issue 3, pp 357-369

Internalization of odorant-binding proteins into the mouse olfactory epithelium

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

The detection of odorants in vertebrates is mediated by chemosensory neurons that reside in the olfactory epithelium of the nose. In land-living species, the hydrophobic odorous compounds inhaled by the airstream are dissolved in the nasal mucus by means of specialized globular proteins, the odorant-binding proteins (OBPs). To assure the responsiveness to odors of each inhalation, a rapid removal of odorants from the microenvironment of the receptor is essential. In order to follow the fate of OBP/odorant complexes, a recombinant OBP was fluorescently labeled, loaded with odorous compounds, and applied to the nose of a mouse. Very quickly, labeled OBP appeared inside the sustentacular cells of the epithelium. This uptake occurred only when the OBP was loaded with appropriate odorant compounds. A search for candidate transporters that could mediate such an uptake process led to the identification of the low density lipoprotein receptor Lrp2/Megalin. In the olfactory epithelium, megalin was found to be specifically expressed in sustentacular cells and the Megalin protein was located in their microvilli. In vitro studies using a cell line that expresses megalin revealed a rapid internalization of OBP/odorant complexes into lysosomes. The uptake was blocked by a Megalin inhibitor, as was the internalization of OBPs into the sustentacular cells of the olfactory epithelium. The results suggest that a Megalin-mediated internalization of OBP/odorant complexes into the sustentacular cells may represent an important mechanism for a rapid and local clearance of odorants.