Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

, Volume 247, Issue 3, pp 331–334

Effect of intravitreal plasmin on vitreous removal through a 25-gauge cutting system in the rabbit in vivo

  • Martin Hermel
  • Jonathan Prenner
  • Motaz Alabdulrazzak
  • Wendy Dailey
  • Michael Hartzer
Retinal Disorders

DOI: 10.1007/s00417-008-1000-7

Cite this article as:
Hermel, M., Prenner, J., Alabdulrazzak, M. et al. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol (2009) 247: 331. doi:10.1007/s00417-008-1000-7

Abstract

Purpose

Intravitreal plasmin creates a posterior vitreous detachment, but may also liquefy the vitreous. This study measures the rate of vitreous removal from rabbit eyes after plasmin injection in vivo.

Methods

Intravitreal injections of 150 IU hyaluronidase (n = 5), 0.5 activity units (AU, n = 6) or 0.9 AU of streptokinase-activated human plasmin (n = four groups of 6) in 0.1 ml were performed in rabbits, the fellow eyes received 0.1 ml BSS. After 30 min (hyaluronidase), 30 min, 4 h, 12 h or 24 h (0.9 AU plasmin) or 24 h (0.5 AU plasmin), 1 ml of vitreous was removed from each eye without infusion, using a 25-gauge cutter and a standardized protocol. Animals were sacrificed after surgery.

Results

Compared to fellow eyes, the average rate of vitreous removal was increased by hyaluronidase by 68.9 ± 6.3% (p < 0.05) and by 0.5 AU plasmin (24 h) by 26.8 ± 3.3% (p < 0.05). 0.9 AU of plasmin increased removal rates by 0.8 ± 10% (n.s.), 15.4 ± 6.3% (p < 0.05), 40.3 ± 3.1% (p < 0.05), and 71.9 ± 32.4% (p < 0.05) after 30 min, 4 h, 12 h and 24 h incubation respectively. The ratios of removal rates of treated/control eyes in the 0.9 AU groups showed a linear correlation with incubation time (r = 0.783, p < 0.0001).

Conclusion

Intravitreal plasmin increases the rate of vitreous removal in rabbits.

Keywords

Enzyme administration and dosagePlasminPlasmin drug effectsPlasmin therapeutic useVitrectomyVitrectomy methodsVitreous body drug effectsVitreous body surgery

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Hermel
    • 1
  • Jonathan Prenner
    • 3
  • Motaz Alabdulrazzak
    • 3
  • Wendy Dailey
    • 2
  • Michael Hartzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.NuVue TechnologiesKeeneUSA
  3. 3.Associated Retinal ConsultantsRoyal OakUSA