Clinical features of a Japanese family with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa associated with a Thr494Met mutation in the HPRP3 gene
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- Wada, Y., Itabashi, T., Sato, H. et al. Graefe's Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol (2004) 242: 956. doi:10.1007/s00417-004-0923-x
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To determine the clinical features of a Japanese family with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP) associated with a Thr494Met mutation in the HPRP3 gene.
Mutational screening by direct sequencing was performed on 96 unrelated patients with ADRP. The clinical features were determined by visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, electroretinography, fluorescein angiography, and kinetic visual field testing.
A Thr494Met mutation in the HPRP3 gene was found in one family and it cosegregated with ADRP in the three affected members. The ophthalmic findings were those of typical retinitis pigmentosa with rapid progression after 40-years-of-age. One patient also had retinoblastoma as a child.
We conclude that the Thr494Met mutation in the HPRP3 gene causes ADRP in Japanese patients. This mutation was found in 1% of patients with ADRP in Japan.