Original Communication

Journal of Neurology

, Volume 260, Issue 1, pp 122-130

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Effects of cilostazol against the progression of carotid IMT in symptomatic ischemic stroke patients

  • Sung Hyuk HeoAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Kyung Hee University Hospital
  • , Ji Sung LeeAffiliated withDepartment of Biostatistics, Korea University
  • , Beom Joon KimAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
  • , Kyoung Jin HwangAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Kyung Hee University Hospital
  • , Jun-Hyun KimAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Kyung Hee University Hospital
  • , Dae-Il ChangAffiliated withDepartment of Neurology, Kyung Hee University Hospital Email author 

Abstract

Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a surrogate marker for evaluating atherosclerotic vascular diseases. The phosphodiesterase inhibitor cilostazol attenuates the increase in carotid IMT in diabetes patients. We studied whether cilostazol can reduce the progression of carotid IMT in symptomatic ischemic stroke patients. From our prospective registry of acute ischemic stroke patients who were admitted during a 4.5-year period, follow-up carotid ultrasound was performed in a random sample of survivors. Patients were divided into two groups: the cilostazol group, who continued cilostazol treatment during the follow-up period; and the control group, who were prescribed antiplatelets other than cilostazol. Analysis of covariance and propensity score-matched analysis were used to evaluate the difference between groups. Among a total of 1,049 cases in our registry, 208 patients were utilized to construct two comparable sets by propensity score analysis, including 101 who received cilostazol and 107 who took antiplatelet medication without cilostazol. Both maximum and mean carotid IMT values were significantly reduced in the cilostazol group but increased in the control group (maximum left –0.048 ± 0.186 vs. 0.022 ± 0.163 mm, p = 0.001; maximum right –0.037 ± 0.173 vs. 0.050 ± 0.200 mm, p = 0.001; mean left –0.052 ± 0.102 vs. 0.023 ± 0.112 mm, p < 0.001; and mean right –0.038 ± 0.106 vs. 0.042 ± 0.139 mm, p < 0.001). After matching by propensity score, the improvements in both maximum and mean carotid IMT values in the cilostazol group remained significant. This study shows that cilostazol causes a significant regression in carotid IMT in symptomatic stroke patients.

Keywords

Stroke Carotid intima-media thickness Atherosclerosis Cilostazol